عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Pulmonary infections are of important diseases in camel that jeopardize the health of the animal
and decrease its production efficiency. Considering that prevention and treatment of pulmonary
infections necessitate the knowledge of respiratory diseases and the fact that little information is
available in this regard in camel, the present study was conducted to investigate the pulmonary
lesions using histopathological methods in camels slaughtered. The respiratory tracts of the
camels were thoroughly inspected for lesions. Specimens were fixed in 10% formalin. Next, the
samples were stained using Hematoxilin and eosin stain (H&E) and were evaluated. The
occurrence of pulmonary lesions was 79.6% (236/447). The occurrence acute interstitial
pneumonia, chronic interstitial pneumonia, bronchopneumonia, bronchiolitis, pleuritis and
atelectasis were 52.8% (236/447), 5.4% (24/447), 7.8% (35/447), 6.7% (30/447), 3.4% (15/447)
and 15.2% (68/447), respectively. The occurrence of pulmonary lesions, acute interstitial
pneumonia and bronchopneumonia was higher in fall and winter than spring and summer (P <
0.05). In conclusion, the present study showed high occurrence of pulmonary lesions in camels.
Moreover, the results revealed higher occurrence of pulmonary lesions in cold seasons.